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WireGuard VPN Server (Debian 9) and WireGuard VPN Client (Windows 10) Setup and Configuration

Wireguard is a next-generation open-source VPN connection protocol that claims to be faster and more secure than Open-VPN.

In this tutorial we will cover how to setup and configure a WireGuard VPN Server on a Debian Linux Distribution as well as how to get a Windows machine to route all traffic through that VPN using WireGuard’s Windows Client.

Step 0 : Install Un-Attended Updates

First, lets ensure we setup automated updates as we will want security patches and its likely that we wont be touching this VPS for a while.

apt-get install sudo
sudo apt-get install aptitude
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade 
sudo aptitude update -y && sudo aptitude install unattended-upgrades apt-listchanges -y
sudo dpkg-reconfigure -plow unattended-upgrades

Step 1 : Install WireGuard and Generate Keys

First lets edit our sources

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/unstable.list

add the following line

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian/ unstable main

Open

sudo nano /etc/apt/preferences.d/limit-unstable

add the following lines

Package: *
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 150

Update your package lists and install WireGuard

sudo apt update
sudo apt install wireguard

Check that its loaded

lsmod | grep wireguard

Now lets ensure that IPv4 Forwarding is enabled

sudo nano  /etc/sysctl.conf 

Uncoment the following

net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

Now to save we need to

sudo sysctl -p

Now its time to generate your VPN’s private key

KEYS PROVIDED HERE ARE JUST EXAMPLES, DO NOT USE THEM AS THEY ARE PUBLIC AND INSECURE NOW

wg genkey

It’s important to write this down somewhere safe and private it’ll look something like this

uDXR7FnTzGarLNj+E3ePv4gOwsbjumZ7M9YjcKAQ8WI=

Now its time to generate the corresponding VPN’s public key using the private key we just generated

echo "uDXR7FnTzGarLNj+E3ePv4gOwsbjumZ7M9YjcKAQ8WI=" | wg pubkey

It’ll look something like this, write it down somewhere

9XIklpw4lGQ/I0S9L3gqTjwjJYsXJPluihomcCCrEzU=

Now its time to generate the User’s private and public key pair, note you will one for each user of the VPN (this essentially the same process as before)

wg genkey

Write down the User’s private key somewhere safe

0IoyeQyyWPYVGf4P4DosBGHHrl/T7k+2fqFc8JZRmGo=

Now lets generate the User’s public key

echo "0IoyeQyyWPYVGf4P4DosBGHHrl/T7k+2fqFc8JZRmGo=" | wg pubkey 

Write this down somewhere

JoYcG0Bq5+dMrEAc8eSTG6QCFBjwUWxfXTy7LWmhC0k=

Step 2 : Configuration of WireGuard Server

First we need to find our active interface

ip l

Will show something like

1: lo:  mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1
    link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
2: eth0:  mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP mode DEFAULT group default qlen 1000
    link/ether  53:55:00:91:36:5c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

Here eth0 is our interface, now lets check our public IP address

ip a show dev eth0
2: eth0:  mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000
    link/ether 53:55:00:91:36:5c brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
    inet 5.1.1.1/24 brd 5.188.238.255 scope global eth0
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 2103:90c0:186::20/48 scope global 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    inet6 fe80::5058:ff:fe89:c66d/64 scope link 
       valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

So here we can see our public IPv4 address is 5.1.1.1/24

Now lets create our configuration file

sudo nano /etc/wireguard/wg0s.conf

add the following, note where the User’s public/ VPN’s private keys go as well as our public IPv4 address and client’s public IPv4 address

[Interface]
Address = 5.1.1.1/24
PostUp = iptables -A FORWARD -i %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -A FORWARD -o %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
PostDown = iptables -D FORWARD -i %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -D FORWARD -o %i -j ACCEPT; iptables -t nat -D POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADEACCEPT; iptables -t nat -D PO$
ListenPort = 8081
PrivateKey = uDXR7FnTzGarLNj+E3ePv4gOwsbjumZ7M9YjcKAQ8WI=

[Peer]
PublicKey = JoYcG0Bq5+dMrEAc8eSTG6QCFBjwUWxfXTy7LWmhC0k=
AllowedIPs = 192.168.1.2/32 
PersistentKeepalive = 25

Now lets start it up

sudo wg-quick up wg0s

Check that it is running

wg show

You can terminate it if needed using

sudo wg-quick down wg0s

Step 3 : Setup and Configure Windows 10 WireGuard Client

First lets download and install the WireGuard Windows Client

https://www.wireguard.com/install/

In this tutorial we will be using Windows 10 64 bit so hit the button for downloading that version

Run through the installer and then open up the WireGuard Interface

Click Add Tunnel -> Add Empty Tunnel

Now add the following in, being careful to swap the keys with yours (note here we are providing the User’s Private Key followed by the VPN’s Public Key, and that the first Address is our local address)

[Interface]
Address = 192.168.1.2/24
ListenPort = 50001
PrivateKey = 0IoyeQyyWPYVGf4P4DosBGHHrl/T7k+2fqFc8JZRmGo=
[Peer]
PublicKey = 9XIklpw4lGQ/I0S9L3gqTjwjJYsXJPluihomcCCrEzU=
AllowedIPs = 0.0.0.0/0, ::/0
Endpoint = 5.1.1.1:8081
PersistentKeepalive = 25

Give it a name, Save and Activate

Now to check that it’s working head over to https://www.dnsleaktest.com/ on your Windows 10 machine and you should now see your VPN’s IP Address as if it were your own

NOTE: I’ve yet to get this working myself over the internet, certain ISPs may block this protocol and there may be some bugs yet. This information was compiled from various sources over the internet, use at your own discretion.

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